Medicine merit badge

Monday, June 18th, 2012 at 5:30pm - 7pm

Location: church

This event is in the past.

Medicine.pdf

Medicine requirements

  1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people or events had on the history of medicine: a. Hippocrates b. William Harvey c. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek d. Edward Jenner e. Florence Nightingale f. Louis Pasteur g. Gregor Mendel h. Joseph Lister i. Robert Koch j. Daniel Hale Williams k. Marie and Pierre Curie l. Walter Reed m. Karl Landsteiner n. Alexander Fleming o. Charles Richard Drew p. Helen Raussig q. James Watson and Francis Crick r. Jonas Salk
  2. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare to the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.
  3. Discuss the health-care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
  4. Do the following: a. Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care in your state. (Note: Not all may exist in your state.) 1. Allopathic physician 2. Chiropractor 3. Emergency medical technician 4. Licensed practical/vocational nurse 5. Medical assistant 6. Medical laboratory technologist 7. Nurse-midwife 8. Nurse practitioner 9. Occupational therapist 10. Optometrist 11. Osteopathic physician 12. Pharmacist 13. Physical therapist 14. Physician’s assistant 15. Podiatrist 16. Psychologist 17. Radiologic technologist 18. Registered nurse 19. Respiratory therapist b. Describe the educational and licensing requirements for five of those in 4a --other than 4a(1)- - practicing health care in your state.
  5. a. Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical specialty. Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following "core" specialties: 1. Internal medicine* 2. Family practice* 3. Obstetrics/gynecology* 4. Pediatrics* 5. Psychiatry 6. Surgery b. Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.
  6. a. Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties: 1. Allergy/immunology 2. Anesthesiology 3. Cardiology 4. Colon and rectal surgery 5. Dermatology 6. Emergency Medicine 7. Endocrinology 8. Gastroenterology 9. Geriatric medicine 10. Hematology/oncology 11. Infectious disease 12. Nephrology 13. Neuro surgery 14. Neurology 15. Nuclear medicine 16. Ophthalmology 17. Orthopedic surgery 18. Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery 19. Pathology 20. Physical medicine and rehabilitation 21. Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery. 22. Preventive medicine 23. Radiology 24. Rheumatology 25. Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery 26. Urology 27. Vascular surgery b. Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.
  7. a. Visit a physician's office,** preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used. b. Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g. routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect. c. Show how to take a blood pressure reading and a pulse reading.
  8. Do the following: a. Discuss the roles medical societies, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States. b. Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.
  9. Compare and discuss with your counselor the health care delivery systems in the United States, Sweden, and China.
  10. 1 Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g. blood drive, "health fair", blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.

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